Eating disorder is a mental health condition characterized by abnormal eating behavior that has a negative impact on the patient’s health. In fact, it is one of the deadliest mental disorders. It often starts with an obsession over food or a particular body type or an idea of an ‘ideal weight’. More than 9% of the world population suffers from some kind of eating disorder.
Common Types Of Eating Disorders & Associated Symptoms
Anorexia: People with anorexia take extreme measures to limit their calorie intake to a dangerously low level so that they can maintain a certain body weight or type.
Pica: Pica is the habitual intake of non-food items like sand, cloth, chalk, soap, hair, paper, etc. This habit can lead to infections, gut injuries, and malnutrition leading to death if left untreated.
Bulimia: In bulimia, people eat an excessive large amount of food in a specific duration of time until they are in pain from over-filling their stomach. They tend to compensate for it by purging in the form of vomiting, laxatives, fasting, excessive exercise, etc.
Binge eating: Binge eating is an uncontrollable urge to keep eating excessive quantities of food. Patients may feel guilty about their behavior but do not engage in purging behavior.
Rumination: Those who suffer from ruminition, regurgitates swallowed food, then chews it again, and swallows or spits it. This behavior usually starts in childhood and can continue in adulthood as well if left untreated.
How Is Eating Disorder Treated At Serene Mind Clinic
Eating disorders are treated with a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Individual, group and family psychotherapy along with nutritional counseling play a crucial role in this treatment. Medications for mood stabilizers and antidepressants are also a part of the treatment.