Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic-depressive disorder, is a chronic mental health condition that is characterized by intense shifts in mood and energy levels leading to hyperactivity or hypoactivity. People suffering from this mental illness go through a period of depression and a period of elevated mood in rotation. Bipolar disorder is genetically predisposed and is triggered by environmental factors.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 45 million people suffer from bipolar. It is considered the 6th leading cause of disability. Dr. Manoj Kumar at Seren Mind Clinic is on a mission to spread awareness regarding bipolar since many bipolar patients are misunderstood and shunned by the society.
Types Of Bipolar Disorder
- Bipolar I disorder: People with this disorder must have experienced one or more manic (hyper energy & hyperactivity) episodes lasting for seven days or more. They can also have depressive episodes.
- Bipolar II disorder: Those with bipolar II disorder suffer more from depressive or hypomanic episodes. They never fully experience a manic episode unlike those with bipolar I disorder. This type of bipolar is much more disabling.
- Cyclothymic disorder: As the name suggests, people afflicted with this disorder suffer from manic and hypomanic episodes in rotation, often more than 2 cycles per year.
When To See A Psychiatrist For Bipolar Disorder
The symptoms of bipolar can often overlap with other mental illnesses. They can also be difficult for the patient to make an observation. It’s often the acquaintances that see the change in personality. However, if you feel the following symptoms, it’s time to take an expert’s advice:
- Excessive happiness or hopefulness.
- Risky and reckless behavior
- Delusion of grandeur
- Moodswings between joy and anger
- Hopelessness and overwhelming sadness
- Loss of interest in activities you previously enjoyed
- Lack of libido
- Insomnia or hypersomnia
- Weight loss or weight gain
- Thoughts of self-harm