Bed wetting, as the name suggests, is when a child of 7 years or older loses control of their bladder (pees involuntarily) when they sleep at night. Children are usually potty-trained by the age of 5 years. However, some children can take longer to do the same. So, until 7 years of age, bed wetting isn’t considered too much of an issue as long as the child has bladder control during the day time when they are awake and active.
What Causes Bed Wetting?
Bed wetting can be caused due to physical or mental problems. It is best to rule out liver and kidney issues first. And then you can look for neuro or mental problems. Mental challenges that can lead to bedwetting include:
- Stress from school, relocation, a new addition (or deletion) in the immediate family, etc.
- Trauma from suffering or witnessing a difficult situation
- Genetic predisposition
Many children can have a rare occasion of bed wetting until they reach their teenage years. One or two such instances are usually not concerning.
Types Of Bed Wetting
- Primary enuresis is a condition where a child has never been able to control their bladder at night.
- Secondary enuresis is a condition where a child who had gained control over their bladder at night for a period of at least 6 months, but has recently lost that control.
When To Seek Treatment For Bed Wetting
Bed wetting is not just a parenting hindrance; it can have severe mental impact on the child as well, especially because of social shaming. This is why Dr. Manoj Kumar, the chief psychiatrist at Serene Mind Clinic, reminds concerned parents, “No matter the frequency or reason, it is essential to let the child know that it is not their fault.” At the same time, it is important to address the issue at the earliest. Bed wetting is addressed with individual and family therapy. Some parenting skill training can also benefit hugely.